Economic and social history of globalisation, 16th-21st centuries

De Baripedia

Based on a lecture by Michel Oris[1][2]

World map subway 1.jpg

This course draws heavily on the research of Paul Bairoch, whose work is a leading authority on economic and social history. Our journey through time aims to provide students with a solid understanding of the historical dynamics that have shaped our contemporary economic and social world. Our aim is to provide you with a reading grid that transcends time and enables you to decipher the contours and complexities of today's issues, which are the fruit of a long historical process.

We will endeavour to identify the major shifts and turning points in economic and social history through a series of structuring themes. The course will begin with an examination of European societies at the dawn of economic modernity, from the end of the Middle Ages to the threshold of the Industrial Revolution in the 18th century. This historical sketch will lay the foundations for understanding the upheavals to come. We will then look at the Industrial Revolution, a global phenomenon with its epicentres in Europe, but rapidly spreading to the United States and Japan. This second part will examine the mechanisms and repercussions of this momentous turning point. The third part will look at the first wave of globalisation, from 1850 to 1914, a period during which economies became interconnected on an unprecedented scale.

Continuing our exploration, we will revisit the 15th century to compare the socio-economic contexts of the major regions of the world at that time, and then analyse the 'great divergence', the process that led to the distinction between developed and developing countries, often referred to as the Third World. The 'long' 20th century, stretching up to the present day, will be addressed in a fifth section. We will look at the countries of the North, which are facing growth crises and are currently engaged in a delicate transition towards 'post-industrial' societies. We will conclude this course by focusing on the countries of the South in the sixth part. Having borne the burden of decolonisation and suffered the after-effects of a colonial system that confined them to economic dependence on the West, these countries are now faced with the challenges of a demographic explosion and poverty. Despite this, some of them are beginning to emerge on the world stage, redefining contemporary economic and geopolitical balances.

Lectures[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Part 1 - Pre-industrial European economies and societies: 15th century - 18th century[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

1 - Agrarian Structures and Rural Society: Analysis of the Preindustrial European Peasantry

2 - The demographic regime of the Ancien Régime: homeostasis

3 - Evolution of Socioeconomic Structures in the Eighteenth Century: From the Ancien Régime to Modernity

Part 2 - The industrial revolution[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

4 - Origins and causes of the English industrial revolution

5 - Structural mechanisms of the industrial revolution

6 - The spread of the Industrial Revolution in continental Europe

7 - The Industrial Revolution beyond Europe: the United States and Japan

8 - The social costs of the Industrial Revolution

Part 3 - Integration of national economies and early globalisation: 1850 - 1914[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Historical Analysis of the Cyclical Phases of the First Globalisation

9 - Dynamics of National Markets and the Globalisation of Product Trade

10 - The Formation of Global Migration Systems

11 - Dynamics and Impacts of the Globalisation of Money Markets : The Central Role of Great Britain and France

12 - The Transformation of Social Structures and Relations during the Industrial Revolution

Part 4 - Third Worlds: 16th century - 19th century[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

13 - The Origins of the Third World and the Impact of Colonisation

14 - Failures and Obstacles in the Third World

Part 5 - The 20th century in the countries of the North[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

15 - Changing Methods of Work: Evolving Production Relationships from the End of the Nineteenth to the Middle of the Twentieth Century

16 - The Golden Age of the Western Economy: The Thirty Glorious Years (1945-1973)

17 - The Changing World Economy: 1973-2007

18 - The Challenges of the Welfare State

Part 6 - The 20th century in the countries of the South[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

19 - Around colonisation: fears and hopes for development

20 - Time of Ruptures: Challenges and Opportunities in the International Economy

21 - Globalisation and modes of development in the "third world"

Annexes[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

References[modifier | modifier le wikicode]