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History of Legal and Political Thought: The Foundations of Modern Legal and Political Thought 1500 - 1850

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History of Legal and Political Thought: The Foundations of Modern Legal and Political Thought 1500 - 1850
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Famous representation of the different schools of Antiquity: in the centre, we recognise Plato pointing to the sky (an allusion to his theory of Ideas) and Aristotle pointing to the earth (an allusion to his concern to anchor knowledge in the examination of empirical facts). Detail of a fresco by Raphael (c. 1511).

Professeur(s) Alexis Keller[1][2][3]
Cours History of Legal and Political Thought: The Foundations of Modern Legal and Political Thought 1500 - 1850

Lectures


This course is intended for students in law, international relations and political science. It provides an introduction to the history of modern legal and political thought in the West. Focusing on the emergence of the concept of the state, which took shape in the 17th century, the course covers the different currents of modern political thought, with particular emphasis on the contributions of the Reformation and authors such as Bodin, Hobbes, Locke, Montesquieu, Rousseau and the American founding fathers. Compulsory reading accompanies the course.[4]

Lecturs[edit | edit source]

Part One - The Birth of the Concept of the State[edit | edit source]

Chapter I - Machiavelli and the Italian Renaissance

Chapter II - The era of the Reformation

Chapter III - The birth of the modern concept of the state

Part Two - The State and the Individual[edit | edit source]

Chapter IV - John Locke and the Civil Government Debate

Chapter V - Montesquieu and the definition of the Free State

Chapter VI - Jean-Jacques Rousseau and the new social contract

Part Three - Equal Rights and the Breakthrough of the Modern Liberal State[edit | edit source]

Chapter VII - The Federalist and American political theory

Chapter VIII - John Stuart Mill, Democracy and the Limits of the Liberal State

Annexes[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]